Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the ‘Startup India’ Movement to boost digital entrepreneurship. It was absolutely a defining moment in the Indian history.
He revealed various salient features of the plan.
- Compliance regime based on self certification
The objective of compliance regime based on self certification is to reduce the regulatory burden on startups. This self-certification will apply to laws like payment of gratuity, contract labour, employees provident fund, water and air pollution acts.
- Startup India hub
A startup India hub will be created as a single point of contact for the entire startup ecosystem to enable knowledge exchange and access to funding.
- Simplifying the startup process
A startup will be able to set up by just filling up a short form through a mobile app and online portal. A mobile app will be launched on April 1 through which startups can be registered in a day. There will also be a portal for clearances, approvals and registrations.
- Patent protection
The government is also working on a legal support for fast-tracking patent examination at lower costs. It will promote awareness and adoption of Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) by startups and help them protect and commercialise IPRs.
- Funds of funds with a corpus of Rs 10,000 crore
In order to provide funding support to startups, the government will set up a fund with an initial corpus of Rs 2,500 crore and a total corpus of Rs 10,000 crore over four years. The fund would be managed by private professionals drawn from the industry while LIC will be a co-investor in the fund. The credit guarantee fund for start-ups would help flow of venture debt from the banking system to start-ups by standing guarantee against risks.
- Credit Guarantee Fund
A National Credit Guarantee Trust Company is being envisaged with a budgetary allocation of Rs 500 crore per year for the next four years.
- Exemption from Capital Gains Tax
Currently, investments by venture capital funds in startups are exempt from this law. Now, the same is being extended to investments made by incubators in startups.
- Tax exemption for startups
Income tax exemption to startups announced for three years
- Tax exemption on investments above Fair Market Value
- Startup fests
Innovation core programs for students in 5 lakh schools. There will also be an annual incubator grand challenge to create world class incubators
- Launch of Atal Innovation Mission
Atal Innovation Mission started to give an impetus to innovation and encourage the talent among the people
- Setting up of 35 new incubators in institutions
PPP model being considered for 35 new incubators, 31 innovation centres at national institutes
- Setting up of 7 new research parks
Government shall set up seven new research parks – six in IITs, one in IISc with an initial investment of Rs 100 crore each.
- Promote entrepreneurship in biotechnology
Five new bio clusters, 50 new bio incubators, 150 technology transfer offices and 20 bio connect offices will be established.
- Innovation focused programmes for students
There will be innovation core programs for students in 5 lakh schools.
- Panel of facilitators to provide legal support and assist in filing of patent application
- 80 per cent rebate on filing patent applications by startups
- Relaxed norms of public procurement for startups
- Faster exits for startups
While we look forward to how fast the Action Plan may achieve its targets, the fact is that a new government ‘frame’ and perspective has been added, and the language of startups will be more accepted in India.
Here are few things from the speakers at the launch event in New Delhi on January 16, drawn from across the startup ecosystem.
The interactions today will be the catalyst for creating a completely new India. – Amitabh Kant, DIPP
Soon we hope to have thousands of unicorns! – Deep Kalra, MakeMyTrip
I hope there are innovations in India in frugal engineering. – Onno Ruhl, World Bank
Entrepreneurship is no longer being condemned as jugaad. – Nirmala Sitharaman, MoS, Commerce and Industry
Entrepreneurs need freedom from the state. – Arun Jaitley, Union Minister of Finance and Corporate Affairs
The linear model of creation of wealth is being replaced by the exponential model of startups. – Krishnaswamy Vijay Raghavan, Secretary, Biotechnology